Rome enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate. It is most comfortable in mid-spring (April to June) and fall (mid-September to October), with generally sunny skies and mild temperatures. Late autumn (November) can be rainy.
In summer (July and August), Rome is very hot with temperatures often above 32°C (90°F). Many businesses close during August, and Romans abandon the city for the Ferragosto holiday on August 15. Light or medium-weight clothing is recommended in summer.
In winter (December to February) the weather is cold and the average high temperature is about 13°C (55°F). Lows below zero are not uncommon. It is advisable to come equipped with a raincoat and an overcoat or heavy jacket for the winter.