The use of digital tools can also be a source of new and widespread risks, implemented by the impact brought along by breaches in the privacy of individuals, the collection of sensitive data by companies and the world of finance, the assault to national secrets that are related to security and defence.
These risks are far more difficult to contain than in the past, given that computer-aided anonymity not only represents an incentive to cyber attacks, but can multiply the chances of success while simultaneously undermining the possibility of effective reaction through traditional penalty systems. Let us think of Bitcoin usage for recycling purposes or for extortion purposes to the detriment of companies, forced to pay for the return of deleted data through the intrusion of a virus.
Let us think about the opening and closing within a few hours of email accounts in order to carry out through them frauds or other crimes against property. Let us think of the possibility of interfering in commercial communications by acquiring the identity of another subject in order to get unwarranted benefits. In other words, the versatility in the techniques displayed by these types of attacks requires a constant adaptation for reacting effectively to these new forms of aggression.
Contrasting cybercrime is, indeed, made particularly difficult by the continuous "metamorphosis" of computer attacks, as they are based on new technological innovations.